Types of Scars:
Before you begin clearing your skin, you must identify the kind of scarring or marking you have. The different types of scars are:
- Rolling scars – sloped, and can give the skin a wavy texture or look
- Boxcar scars – broad with ridges
- Icepick scars – narrow, deep, small
Let us look at some ways to clear acne scars.
Dermatological Filler Treatment:
Acne scars are known to leave permanent hollow spaces or indents in the skin. The texture of the skin becomes different and loses shape. The facial surface gets a wavy and uneven look and feel. These imperfections are usually irreversible if the acne was of the deep rolling scars variety. The filler injections that dermatologists administer can help even the face texture and reduce the appearance of scars and acne. This treatment is done in almost all dermatological clinics and should not be done without the consultation of a specialist. The filler injections, however, are not a permanent solution, and fillers need to be redone at least twice a year to maintain firm and youthful acne-free appearance of the skin.
Moderate scarring and mild acne may be treated with ablative and non-ablative laser treatments. Ablative lasers work by gently vaporizing the scarred tissue on the face and making way for new healthy skin to take its place. Non-ablative lasers simultaneously work to re-boost the collagen production around the scarred tissue to stimulate regrowth of youthful and blemish-free skin.
The laser treatment has been successful with boxcar and rolling scars. Icepick scars have also been treated with lasers, but the results have been highly diverse with different people. Non-ablative treatment would be ideal for surface scars while ablative should be used for deep and highly pigmented scars.
Hyperpigmentation without the waviness and redness may be treated with over the counter products that contain salicylic and glycolic acids. Many facewashes, oils, creams, and masks contain substantial amounts of these two acids that can help in the treatments of long-term acne scarring.
Regular use of facewash and gentle scrubs followed by glycolic ointments helps significantly in reducing acne marks and reduces redness considerably. Scrubs and exfoliators help remove dead skin and bring the hyperpigmented acne closer to the surface for the glycolic and salicylic acid-based products to do their work better. Glycolic peels will also help burn the top layer of skin to reveal fresh and youthful skin below.
Vitamin A derivatives are used in Retinoid creams to deal with skin conditions like acne, discoloration, redness, wrinkles, and fine lines. Just like the laser treatment, these retinoid products give a boost to the collagen in the skin and help the skin cells multiply faster to produce fresh skin.
Acne creams that are sold over the counter have a good concentrate of retinoid (Vitamin A) in them. However, if the problem is severe, a doctor can prescribe a medical topical cream or ointment that can work on target areas of the face and body.
Most of the retinoid products get detrimental results when in contact with UVA rays of the sun, and so, should only be applied at night once the sun has set. To protect your skin, regularly use a good face wash, exfoliate, and use a good topical cream.
Regularly cleanse, wash, exfoliate, and tone your skin to keep it healthy and save it from bacterial infections and inflammations. The lesser you agitate the skin, the better it will be.